Since any space can be made smarter by installing sensors and processors and connecting them with intelligent software, many smart spaces have become smarter, and new applications are continually adopted. Places near us have become smarter, and so have places we may rarely have on our minds but benefit us in the background regardless.
Smart Homes — In order to make our living environments even more comfortable and efficient, smart homes enable smart spaces to connect many household devices and house systems. Many appliances are now smart, like smart refrigerators or smart ovens, but now home automation can attend to home systems that control lighting, air conditioning, entertainment, even security. It even has a name—domotics.
Smart Buildings — Smart buildings apply many features found in smart homes just at scale. Smart buildings implement smart spaces to interconnected automated building systems that monitor lighting, air conditioning, heating, security and access, parking structures, water meters, power meters, fire systems, boilers or chiller plants, elevators, and more depending on the building. An office building may be made smarter for the purposes of keeping units occupied and costs down, whereas a hospital, with stocks of pharmaceuticals and equipment, may deploy a smart RFID technology to track, secure, and replenish its inventory as needed.
Smart Factory — Smart factories are not a new thing, since many manufacturing industries were the petri dish that 'smart' technology was grown on. Now, the connected smart factory has taken on a smart space paradigm shift towards a digital supply network where many factories and suppliers are interconnected, and smaller units can make decisions based on system-wide data. Considering the extent of globalized supply chains, an automated supply chain results in an agile and efficient operation with less downtime and adaptability to new demands.
Smart Cities — Smart cities are urban areas outfitted with smart space technology for a governance purpose. Smart cities have the potential to impact tens of thousands of people with greater efficiencies. Smart initiatives are already enhancing citizen's lives. Some cities made use of smart spaces by digitizing public documents to be made available online, in order to improve their constituents' digital inclusion. Many cities also have light pole initiatives that mount and hide antennas that bring digital access to their people.