As IoT finds greater usefulness, it will appear in more industries. Today, several industries are already benefiting from IoT and IIoT technologies.
Agriculture — The agriculture sector has been a technology innovator for some time, so adopting IoT solutions is a natural course. IoT has found many agriculture applications. IoT helps to automate greenhouses. IoT also helps to monitor climate conditions over large areas. Drones are used for the mapping and imaging of farm lands. And IoT makes it easier to monitor crops and livestock.
Manufacturing — IoT in manufacturing aims to essentially remove the human from the shop floor, for efficiency, safety, and overall capability. Because many manufacturing processes can be reduced to robots, IoT has helped to optimize these processes through digital monitoring, remote equipment management, condition-based maintenance, and interconnected supply chains.
Retail — IoT has tremendously improved the operational efficiency of retail chains. In stores, smart inventory management uses RFID technology and gates to immediately catalog inventory—no more tedious inventory by hand. Further, omni-channel marketing is bolstered by IoT to improve inventory and supply chain management.
Healthcare — There is a need to maximize and optimize hospital resources and time. In an effort to do this, the healthcare sector has applied IoT as a solution in nearly every hospital system. IoT has been able to seamlessly connect hospital operations, like scheduling, with hospital inventory, like drugs, equipment, and supplies, to coordinate exceptional operational efficiencies. This has both decreased the cost of running a hospital, but also increased its usable capacity by tighter and more accurate coordination.
Energy — IoT in energy is complex but proving to be a useful tool in improving many of its aspects including: Remote assets monitoring and management, process optimization, grid balancing, load forecasting, and smart decision making.